All dogs shed, but some shed more than others. Whether you have allergy concerns or don't have spare time for extra cleaning, you'll find plenty of dogs that don't shed much to pick among. Coat type, size, personality and lifestyle will impact your choice of a new family member.
Each follicle of dog hair goes through a period of rapid growth, called the anagen phase, followed by slower growth and then resting, called the catagen phase. During the catagen phase, the old hair detaches at the base of the follicle. When the dog begins to shed, in the telogen phase, a young hair pushes out the old hair and begins the cycle again. Some breeds have double coats, with usually coarse outer hairs covering a soft, insulating undercoat. Dogs with double coats shed much more than those with single coats, as they drop large amounts of their undercoat in the spring and fall.
Curly and Corded Coats
Some dog breeds have curly coats that don't throw loose hair but instead collect into mats that stick to the body. Poodles, Kerry blue terriers and Bedlington terriers are curly-coated, low-shedding breeds. A few breeds, such as the komondor and puli, have corded coats. Each type of coat has its own grooming issues. Curly coated dogs require daily brushing to prevent tangles from developing as their hair grows. Corded dogs need their cords maintained and kept free of debris. They also require thorough drying after bathing, as their cords can mildew.
Short and Medium Hair
Short hair doesn't mean low shedding; in fact, many short-haired dogs are prolific shedders, such as dalmatians and beagles. If you have limited space and want a small, low-shedding pup, the basenji, dachshund, Boston terrier and Italian greyhound are all great options. The whippet is a good choice if you want a bit more size in your dog. Medium-length-coat dogs such as the bichon frise, wirehaired pointing griffon, and soft-coated wheaten terrier shed little but require more grooming than their short-haired counterparts.
Just because a dog has long hair doesn't mean your sofa will be covered in it. Long haired dogs require regular brushing to keep tangles at bay, but some long-haired breeds keep their hairs to themselves. The Yorkshire terrier and Maltese are good additions to the family who appreciates energetic little dogs. The lowchen and Tibetan terrier are a bit larger, but keep their beautiful long locks more than a collie, which is a high-shedding long haired dog.
Though the double coat can mean more shedding, in some cases, it means less. The Shih Tzu, Havanese, and West Highland terrier are energetic little guys, with the first two being great choices for the home with young children. Larger double coated dogs that won’t shed all over the house include the schnauzer, Airedale terrier, Bouvier des Flandres, Portuguese water dog and the Irish water spaniel.