Your Japanese Chin displays many feline tendencies, such as agile jumping and climbing abilities. He is also a clean pooch, spending many an hour cleaning himself much like cats do. Grooming your Chin is fairly simple, as his single-layered coat only needs a good brushing to look his best.
Japanese Chins may groom themselves like cats, but they can't keep their hair smooth and tangle-free without help. Even a few days of neglect can cause the formation of an unsightly mat, which will take time and patience to work out. Stay on your dog's good side by brushing him at least every other day to keep his coat healthy and mat-free. Spritz him with a detangling or conditioning spray before you brush, otherwise he'll end up with broken or split hairs. Use bristle or pin brushes to get through his entire coat.
Because of his cat-like cleanliness, and your attentive brushing, your Chin shouldn't require an actual bath very often. Once every month or so should be more than plenty, but you can bathe him whenever he feels or smells particularly nasty. Wet him, lather him, rinse him – thoroughly. Apply a conditioner to make his hair smooth and silky. No need to fuss with a hairdryer; just towel him dry and brush the hair upward. If he seems dirty but not quite enough to necessitate a full bath, use a dry shampoo to freshen him up.
Your Chin's bulgy eyes always give him a slightly surprised/scared look and are a vulnerable spot during grooming. Be careful to avoid his eyes and face while brushing his ears and head, and do not get water or shampoo into them during bath time. Wipe any discharge away with a water-moistened cotton ball. Report to your vet if you notice any odd redness or change in discharge color or consistency.
Hair and Nail Trimming
As you brush your Chin, you may notice a slight raggedy look as his hair grows out a bit too much. Or maybe you're just tired of brushing him all the time and need an easier grooming routine. Either way, your Chin could use a bit of a haircut. Do yourself, and your dog, a favor and find a professional groomer to do it. Scissors or clippers in inexperienced hands, around a dog who may or may not sit still, is always an accident waiting to happen. Leave the hair trimming to the professionals to get the best look possible. While he's there, have the groomer trim his nails to prevent him from scratching you and your furniture in his daily antics. Although it doesn't sound too difficult, dogs have a vein inside their nail that will bleed and cause him pain if cut. Avoid the possibility of nicking this, and the inevitable guilt trip afterward, by letting the professionals do it.