Newborn puppies don't instinctively know how to eliminate waste. They initially need their mother to get things moving. Until a puppy is several weeks old, he simply does not possess the aptitude to eliminate without his mama's loving assistance.
A Mother Dog's Help
Canine mothers innately understand to induce the bodily functions of their newborns. By licking and grooming the puppies' anus and genitals, the mother dog prompts the little ones to pass stool and to urinate. This usually occurs right after the fluff balls have completed a feeding session.
Age for Going to the Bathroom Without Stimulation
It takes a little bit of time for puppies to gain the independence. They can't even poop or pee without their mother's stimulation. In general, they start controlling their own elimination when they're around 3 weeks to 4 weeks old, according to the ASPCA website. By this point, mother doggies are generally no longer needed to stimulate bathroom duties.
Orphaned Puppies and Stimulation
Orphaned puppies do not have a mother to stimulate elimination. If you're caring for a puppy or several puppies, your services are necessary. You can emulate a mother dog's stimulation to eliminate by rubbing the puppies' anal and genital sections with a clean, damp, warm cloth. Warm water feels a lot more like a mother dog's tongue than cold water does, after all. Be sure to massage the puppies gently. If you have uncertainties regarding inducing puppies' elimination, speak to a veterinarian.
Regularity of Elimination
Worrisome elimination patterns in a puppy merit a vet visit. Infrequent urination can be a sign that a puppy's body is poorly hydrated. Infrequent bowel movements can indicate constipation. The early stages of a puppy's life are crucial for a healthy adulthood and future in general, so pay close attention to feeding and bathroom habits.