There are two kinds of dachshunds in this world -- the standard and the miniature. It's just that the miniature is about two-thirds as big. Size is the only physical difference between the varieties. The rest is the same package of cute everyone is familiar with.
Dachshunds of both varieties look exactly the same. They are often called "weenie" dogs because of their long, hot dog-shaped bodies. Originally bred to hunt burrowing animals, dachshunds have short, muscular legs and paws that feature thick, formidable claws. They also sport floppy ears that sit high on their heads. Dachshunds typically are a rich honey-brown or black in color. Some can be blue-gray, bi-colored, dappled or tri-colored. Their fur is either short and shiny or shaggy.
Size and Weight
A standard dachshund stands 8 to 11 inches at the shoulder and weighs more than 11 pounds by the time he reaches 12 months of age. A miniature dachshund stands 5 to 7 inches at the shoulder at the same age. For show dogs, the preferred weight is between 8 and 11 pounds and the length of the body should be about twice the height, measured from the breastbone to the base of the tail.
Head and Neck
The heads of miniature dachshunds typically taper evenly from the slightly arched crown to the tip of the nose to form a point. Their eyes are large, dark and almond-shaped and generally present an energetic, alert and loving expression. Their necks, like their bodies, are long, muscular, clean-cut and tight. Miniature dachshunds are compact and sinewy and even in their necks and jaws are not likely to wrinkle or have folds or dewlap.
Standard or miniature, dachshunds have strong, prominent chests. In a fit dog, the chest should be the lowest-hanging part of the body, but miniature dachshunds, like their standard-sized cousins, are prone to laziness and can get fat. This can lead to serious health problems such as diabetes. Their bodies should taper slightly from breastbone to tail. The miniature's hindquarters are strong and cleanly muscled. The legs should be straight, and the tail should be moderately long, straight and thin.
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