Most dog breeds have predispositions to certain illnesses, whether they're related to the teeth, heart, bones or some other part of the body. Wee Pomeranians aren't an exception. These tiny, sassy pooches are particularly susceptible to low blood sugar, commonly referred to as "hypoglycemia."
Pomeranians and Low Blood Sugar
Hypoglycemia is one of the most prominent health concerns in the Pomeranian breed, according to the website for Animal Planet. Low blood sugar is prevalent not only in Pomeranians, but in many toy breeds, such as the toy poodle, Maltese, Chihuahua and Yorkshire terrier. The condition is especially common in Pomeranian puppies, but also appears in fully mature individuals. Simply put, some Pomeranians lack the ability to stash away sufficient glycogen, which is a kind of glucose or blood sugar responsible for providing energy. Once their supply of glycogen is gone, their wee bodies begin using fat in order to attain precious energy. When they use all their fat up, it triggers all the symptoms and problems associated with hypoglycemia.
Symptoms of Hypoglycemia
If you're worried that your cutie might be dealing with low blood sugar, look for some of its key symptoms. These include lack of energy, severe exhaustion, feebleness, increased thirst, appetite loss, weight loss, bewilderment, falling over, respiratory problems, widening of the pupils, difficulties with vision, walking around unsteadily, quivering and nervousness. Although it's uncommon, seizures may occur. It is absolutely crucial for Pomeranians displaying any of these symptoms to get immediate veterinary assistance, as hypoglycemia can sometimes be life-threatening.
Types of Pomeranians
Low blood sugar is particularly widespread in young and tiny Poms. However, it also frequently appears in Pomeranians who get a lot of exercise. Lastly, the condition also frequently pops up in Pomeranians who are especially nervous and frustrated in their overall temperament. Other common health concerns for the Pomeranian breed are progressive retinal atrophy and entropion. Patellar luxation—the kneecap slipping out of place—is an especially prominent risk for Pomeranians.
If your Pomeranian does indeed have hypoglycemia, regular veterinary guidance is a must. Dogs with hypothermia often require two forms of management. One involves elevating glucose in the midst of "spells" of decreased levels. The other involves handling the overarching problem—and stopping hypoglycemic incidents from happening in the first place. A veterinarian might, for example, recommend food planning for these purposes—think tinier portions of more frequent meals. All hypoglycemic Pomeranians are different, however, and their health situations are all different. With proper veterinary assistance and food, hypoglycemic pooches often can live fulfilling—and long—lives.